Havdalah (הַבְדָּלָה) [HA-V-DAH-LAH] (NOUN): Havdalah is a ceremony that marks the end of Shabbat (weekly), or a Yom Tov (holiday). [So also rules Piskeiy Teshuvos 299/10], [13] 299/8 regarding Havdalah after Shabbos, and the same rule applies to Motzei Yom Tov. It is a widespread minhag ion our times for the cantor to recite Havdalah in synagogue, and there is no need to protest the custom. Nevertheless, there are those authorities who discourage the use of an electric light for Havdala. It can still be significantly improved, either by adding content, adding a picture, restructuring the page, or updating its content. listen to Havdalah. Some poskim allow one to use an electric light in place of a Havdala candle in a time of need. Shabbat and Yom Tov share the same text of havdalah (the main bracha), both in davening and with wine. The Sephardic custom is to say the following text before Havdalah: כוס ישועות אשא ובשם ה' אקרא: אנא ה' הושיעה נא אנא ה' הצליחה נא: הצליחנו הצליח דרכינו הצליח לימודינו וכו' ושלח ברכה רוחה והצלחה בכל מעשה ידינו כדכתיב ישא ברכה מאת ה' וצדקה מאלהי ישענו: ליהודים היתה אורה ושמחה וששק ויקר: וכתיב ויהי דוד לכל דרכיו משכיל וה' עמו, כן יהיה עמנו תמיד: ונח מצא חן בעיני ה', כן נמצא חן ושכל טוב בעיני אלוקים ואדם: אלהא דמאיר עננו: ואתם הדבקים בה' אלוקיכם חיים כולכם היום: The source for the Sephardic text is the following: Yalkut Yosef (. bein yom hash’vi-i l’sheishet y’mei hamaaseh. 272:3). Havdalah (Hebrew: הַבְדָּלָה ‎, "separation") is a Jewish religious ceremony that marks the symbolic end of Shabbat and ushers in the new week. [Admur ibid], [4] The reason: One is only required to say a blessing over Besamim on Motzei Shabbos, as the soul is pained by the leave of the extra soul it received on Shabbos and has now exited from it on Motzei Shabbos, and needs to be comforted. [16] Elya Raba 491:2; Aruch Hashulchan 295:3. It should be made clear to the congregation, however, that everyone must recite Havdalah at home on behalf of his family members who have not heard it in the synagogue, even though he himself did hear it. [18] Hayom Yom 19th Nissan; see also Sefer Haminhagim p. 118 [English]; Otzer Minhagei Chabad p. 142, Original Chabad custom: In the earlier prints of Hayom Yom p. 46 it stated that one does not say Vayiten Lecha at all on Motzei Shabbos Chol Hamoed. [Reshimos 4:12 and 22], Join the Daily Halacha Whatsapp Audio Group, Purchase Sefarim and Courses in the newly updated online store. It all makes sense for Motzei Shabbat, but why do we mention המבדיל בין יום השביעי לששת ימי המעשה (Who separates between the seventh day and the six days of creation) after Yom Tov? Deliveran ce is God's, for His nation that is his praise, Selah. If motzei shabbat is yom tov, one may use the Yom Tov candles for havdalah. Sh"t Vayan Avraham (Izrael) Siman 34 (pg 63) writes that he remembers in the holocaust the question arose whether lemonade could be used for Havdalah and he concludes that it just like water and can’t be used for Havdalah. He also adds that after Ester 8:16 one should say 'כן תהיה לנו'. This is the initial letters of Y ayin (wine), K iddush (blessing the day), N er (candle), H avdala (the havdala blessing) and Z man (time, i.e. [2], Haeish: During Havdalah of Motzei Yom Tov, we do not say a blessing over fire. Sh"t Nachalat Shimon 15 says this was the practice of Rav Chaim Soloveitchik, Har Tzvi 2:114, Sh"t Yechave Daat 2:39, Maharshag 2:107, Kitzur S"A of Rabbi Raphael Baruch Toledano pg. The Havdalah blessing text is composed of, in sequential order, an introductory blessing, a blessing over wine, a blessing over spices, a blessing on the candle, and a blessing on separation. Use of the abbreviated form: Shabbat 150b Doing one's needs before the abbreviated form of Havdalah: Shabbat 150b. [17] The reason: As Chol Hamoed is forbidden in Melacha, and it is hence a belittling of Chol Hamoed to bless the weeks Melacha. Some Ashkenazim hold that women should not recite, The custom is to add several pesukim prior to Havdalah for a good sign. Therefore, some turn off the electric lights when making Havdalah, but others hold that the strict halacha doesn't require turning off the lights. Even if they are touching it is permitted to detach them. [Admur ibid]. [6] As explained in 296 [ibid; Vetzaruch Iyun as in 296 no mention of this is made. According to Sephardim, one should sit during Havdalah. shehechiyanu ). However, when Motzei Yom Tov falls on Friday night it is not recited. The Radiance of Shabbos p. 131 adds that if it was omitted in havdalah it can be recited afterwards until Olot Hashachar based on the Eshel Avraham. 2) The special havdalah recited on a holiday which falls on Saturday night.Havdalah is made when entering a day of lesser holiness. 298:3, Zohar 2:208b:2, Shaarim Metzuyanim Behalachah 96:6, Az Nidberu 8:2, Rivevot Ephraim 3:599. see also Mishpitei Uziel OC 1:9, Shaarim Metzuyanim Behalachah 96:6. [8] Peri Megadim 491 M”Z 1; and so is the custom of the Rebbe as was witnessed in public. HAVDALAH (Heb. Since Shabbat is holier than all the holidays, we recite the havdalah when Shabbat leads into a holiday. Sephardim hold that coffee, tea, orange juice can not be used as chamar medina. [17] The Chabad custom is to recite it quietly. Holiday havdalah can be divided into two categories: 1) Havdalah recited at the conclusion of a holiday. Sh"t Tzitz Eliezer 11:34 and 12:38 writes that there's no an issue of asking an non-religious Jew to do work for him after, Understanding Havdalah on Motzai Shabbos by Rabbi Shay Schachter, Rav Yitzchak Yosef (Motzei Shabbat Matot Masei 5778 min 36), Rav Yitzchak Yosef (Motzei Shabbat Matot Masei 5778 min 49), Motzei Shabbat (Matot Masei 5778 min 44-47), https://halachipedia.com/index.php?title=Havdalah&oldid=28967. Rebuttal (Gra DH Madlikin): The Rema (489:9) says that when the last Yom Tov of Pesach is on Motza'ei Shabbos, so Kidush includes Havdalah, we count the Omer beforehand in the Beis ha'Keneses. [8] However, some[9] have the custom to omit it. [Admur ibid], [3] The reason: As the blessing over a flame was only instituted to be said on Motzei Shabbos and Motzei Yom Kippur, in which case fire was prohibited for the entire day and it now returns to be permitted, as explained in 298/1-2. The reason is that on yom tov holding two candles together is likely going to come to an issue of extinguishing one of the candles more quickly. May one who did not say Havdalah on Motzei Yom Tov say it the next day?[10]. If someone made havdalah without spices and gets spices later on Motzei Shabbat he can recite the bracha of besamim on them at that point. If one isn't sure if the spice has a smell may smell it in advance without a bracha. The order of elements when havdala is combined with kiddush (e.g., on a Saturday night that is Yom Tov) is known by the acrostic Yaknhaz. [6] Jewish holidays, also known as Jewish festivals or Yamim Tovim (Hebrew: ימים טובים ‎, lit. He tells us we learn that there is a mitzvah to make havdala … 2. Although the sabbath is considered ended when there are 3 stars in the sky, we can do this beautiful ceremony to … As a bonus, the Yom Tov section serves as an all-in-one Hebrew/English machzor for the festivals of Pesach, Shavuos and Sukkos. Havdalah is a ceremony involving wine, light, and spices used to mark the end of Shabbat or a Yom Tov (holiday) and the rest of the week. The ritual involves lighting a special havdalah candle with several wicks, blessing a cup of wine (does not have to be wine) and smelling sweet spices. Likewise, the Chida [Bircheiy Yosef 491/1; Machazikei Bracha 491/1] argues against his ruling. Some people add “Miriam Ha-nevi’ah.” Shavua Tov *In those years that Motzei Yom Tov is also Motzei Shabbos then the order of Havdalah follows the same order as Motzei Shabbos. Yes. Rav Elyashiv responded that they should use beer or another drink. It’s short, it has cool props, and it has wine. Judaica - A magnificent spice tower / container - מגדל בשמים להבדלה Sterling silver - Hebrew- unique Art Deco design Hand crafted by an Israeli artist - 1950 - DUGMA Havdalah Havdalah candle, kiddush cup and spice box Havdalah (Hebrew: הַבְדָּלָה, "separation") is a Jewish religious ceremony that marks the symbolic end of Shabbat and ushers in the new week. The source for the Ashkenazic text is the following: the Rama 296:1 writes that before the Bracha of Havdalah one should say Yishaya 12:2-3, Ester 8:16, Tehillim 116:13. The Lord of Hosts is with us, He is our support, the God of Jacob, Selah. Listen to. Yalkut Yosef 296:8 writes that one may not use coffee, tea, orange juice, or soda for Havdalah, but one if there's no wine in the city, one may use beer or cognac which are considered Chamar Medina; Chazon Ovadia, Hilchot Shabbat, Chelek 2, Page 408 specifies that coffee, tea, milk, and fruit juice are not considered chamar medina, and therefore one may not make havdalah with them. Whoever wishes to can listen to the cantor's Havdalah in the synagogue and fulfill his obligation, even thought the listener is not holding a cup of wine. Yom Tov Sheni Khilchato ch. Havdalah marks the space in time when Shabbat is over, which might sound sad at first. On Motzei Yom Tov, whether it is Motzei Yom Tov to a weekday or Motzei Yom Tov to Chol Hamoed, one is required to recite Havdalah over a cup of wine just like on Motzei Shabbos. The Ashkenaz minhag is to make Boreh Minei Besamim (בורא מיני בשמים) which is the general Bracha for nice smells at Havdalah no matter what’s being used for besamim. According to Ashkenazim, juice, coffee, or tea could be chamar medina, while milk or oil are not. The Rambam adds, “It is required to remember Shabbos as it comes in with Kiddush, and so too when it leaves with Havdalah.”. As for the definition of chamar medina Mishnah Brurah 272:24 says that even beer is only permitted in a place where it is a common drink. Nonetheless, according to Sephardim women may make the it for themselves. The Text. One may not eat until one made Havdalah over a cup of wine. Ushav'tem mayim be-sasson mi-ma'ainei ha-yeshuah. 34) in the name of Rav Moshe permits putting them together. Other Poskim: Some Poskim rule one may not say Havdalah even the next day, as Safek Brachos Lehakel. Another reason: Regarding the second reason mentioned by the Bach for smelling Besamim, due to the return of the fire of Gehenom, the Mordechai [Pesachim 105] rules that on Yom Tov Gehenom is not subdued, and thus there is no need for Besamim on Motzei Yom Tov. Others[16] rule it is to be omitted. The order of elements when Havdalah is combined with kiddush (e.g., on a Saturday night that is 'Yom Tov' ("holiday", literally "Good Day") is known by the acrostic יקנה"ז Yaknhaz. One may not use soda because soda isn't considered Chamar Medina. This acrostic consists of the initials Y ayin (wine), K iddush HaYom (blessing the day), N er (candle), H avdala (the Havdala blessing) and Z man (time, i.e. Rav Avigdor Neventzahl in Biyitzchak Yikare footnote 25 says that according to Rav Shlomo Zalman Auerbach milk is not allowed even in places where it is commonly used like Switzerland. In truth, in the source of Admur from the Magen Avraham and Levush these words “at all” are omitted. [Shaar Hakolel 17/22; Likkutei Sichos 31 Ki Sisa] However, the Rebbe in Likkutei Sichos 31 Ki Sisa footnote 15 explains that based on Nigleh there is no extra soul at all on Yom Tov, and it is only based on Kabala that there is an extra soul, hence Admur wrote in his Shulchan Aruch, which follows the rulings of Nigleh, that there is no extra soul “at all”. For Havdalah if there is no wine or grape juice available one can use chamar medina. [10] For list of opinions on this question see Sdei Chemed Asifas Dinim Mareches Heim 15; Kaf Hachaim 299/24. However, the Rashbam Pesachim 102b rules there is an extra soul on Yom Tov, and so is the ruling of the Zohar. In the dim twilight, the people in the circle (often joining hands) sing “Shavua Tov” (a good week), which is sung in Hebrew and English. Who distinguishes. The reason: The reason for this is because the holiness of Shabbos is greater than that of the holiness of Yom Tov. 296:2 writes that one may make Havdalah on beer if it is Chamar Medina or other drinks besides for water. Havdalah is the ceremony of separation between every Shabbat and weekday, Yom Tov and weekday, or Shabbat and Yom Tov. The Aruch HaShulchan 296:8 adds 4 more pesukim after the ones in Yishaya from Tehillim 3:9, 46:8, 84:13, and 20:10. If one forgot to say Havdalah on Motzei Shabbat one can say it until Tuesday. This is followed by “Eliyahu Ha-navi,” sung in Hebrew only. A person needs to be able to benefit from the fire in order to recite the bracha over it. Are the Pesukim of Hinei Keil Yeshuasi recited on Motzei Yom Tov? He also says that juice, tea, or coffee maybe permitted but soda is definitely not because it is just like water. We stream a beautiful Havdalah Live every week in various timezones, celebrating the transition between the sacred Shabbat and the workweek. The order of elements when Havdalah is combined with kiddush (e.g., on a Saturday night that is 'Yom Tov' ("holiday", literally "Good Day") is known by the acrostic יקנה"ז Yaknhaz. Vetzaruch Iyun how the above Poskim can go against the Zohar. Havdalah With a Difference. Baruch atah Adonai, hamavdil bein kodesh l’chol. If one has wine, wine has precedence over any other drink. This follows the ruling of Tosafos Pesachim 102a; Rashba 3/290; Radbaz 2/620 that there is no extra soul on Yom Tov. Shulchan Aruch O.C. Admur in 491/1 adds the words “There is no extra soul given at all at all”. One who did not say Havdalah on Motzei Yom Tov is to say Havdalah the next day, ____________________________________________________________, Admur in 491/1 adds the words “There is no extra soul given at all, The Chassidishe Parsha Torah Or-Likkutei Torah, Accidentally said Morid Hageshem or Visein Tal Umatar Livracha after the first day of Pesach, Preparing on the 1st day of Yom Tov on behalf of the 2nd day of Yom Tov or Shabbos, From the Rav’s Desk: 1) Starting Chazaras Hashatz if 10th man is up to Shemoneh Esrei; 2) Whey Powder OUD, The greatness and severity of the Mitzvah of Tefillin, From the Rav’s Desk: 1) Lost Minyan during Keria; 2) Pouring a second serving from hot water urn on Shabbos. Adonoy tzeva'os imanu, misgav lanu Elohei Ya'akov selah. We do not rule like this opinion, as brought in Chachma Umusur [see Sdei Chemed] that all the Poskim argued on his ruling. Rav Moshe Feinstein in Iggerot Moshe OC 2:75 defines chamar medina as something you would serve to guests who you want to show respect to. When Yom Tov ends on Friday night Havdalah is not made because Havdalah is only made when entering a day of lesser holiness If Shabbat ends and Yom Tov begins, or if Sunday is the second day of a holiday, Havdalah is said as on Saturday night on the same cup of wine as, and part of Kiddush. (R. Zeira): When Yom Tov falls in the middle of the week, the text of Havdalah is 'He who separates between Kodesh and profane, and between light and darkness, and between Yisrael and the Nochrim, and between Shabbos and the six days of work.' However, when Motzei Yom Tov falls on Friday night it is not recited. The Rambam in Hilchos Shabbos (29:1) writes, “It is a mitzvas asei min haTorah to be mekadeish the Shabbos with words, as the posuk says, “Zachor es yom haShabbos lekadsho.”. Whether one recites Havdalah after the first of two days of Yom Tov: Beitzah 4b [see Shitah Mekubetzet there] Abbreviated Form of Havdalah. Rav Chaim Kanievsky in Kovetz Teshuvot 1:57 asked Rav Elyashiv whether a sick person could recite havdalah on tisha b'av on wine or chamar medina. However, Tzaruch Iyun from Admur which states “on Yom Tov there is no extra soul at all”. The Remah quotes the Rashba discussing the above posuk. [Many Poskim listed in Sdei Chemed ibid and so he rules; Chida in Birkeiy Yosef 491/1; Machazik Bracha 491/1; Chesed Leavraham 491/2; Ben Ish Chaiy Vayeitzei 23], [12] However, past sunset, he is to no longer say Havdalah as it is now a question whether or not the next day has begun, and many Poskim hold that Havdalah on Motzei Yom Tov may not be made up even the next day. Sh"t Tzitz Eliezer 12:37 writes that saying "Have a good week" does not fulfill the mitzvah of Havdalah. Igrot Moshe 2:75 says that in an extenuating circumstance tea or milk could be used as chamar medina.

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