Asylum Seekers, COVID-19, European Union, Global Poverty, Italy, Migration, North Africa, Tunisia The Future of the Migrant Crisis in Italy The migrant crisis in Italy is prevalent; Italy receives more asylum seekers per year than any other European country. People interviewed described working up to 10 hours a day for as little as €3 ($3.65) per hour. (Milan) – An Italian program to provide undocumented migrants with a pathway to residency adopted amid the Covid-19 pandemic did not live up to its promise, Human Rights Watch said today. The measure would also legalise around 100,000 illegal migrants who work as home carers. An approach based on the willingness and active participation of the employer carries with it the risk of heightening the vulnerability of undocumented workers to exploitation and abuse. Italy should affirm its commitment to respecting the rights of all migrants by ratifying the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families and signing the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration. For more information about the program and the findings, please see below. The migrants allegedly had paid up to 2,000 Euros ($2,450) each for the illegal transport toward Italy. The significant number of undocumented migrants working in construction, logistics, and the hospitality industry, for example, were ineligible to apply. Aboubakar Soumahoro, head of a workers organization called Lega Braccianti, said the reason there were few applications from farmworkers is “the power given exclusively to the employer, who decides life and death for fieldhands.” The authorities should ensure legal certainty and clarity in regularization instruments before they are put in operation as well as timely information campaigns. His employer also demanded €3,000. … No one wants to stay [in the settlement] but it is better than the streets.” CATANIA, Italy — Rome is facing pressure to abolish its offshore quarantine system for migrants and refugees following a series of alarming incidents, … Undocumented migrants in Italy are particularly vulnerable to violations of their fundamental rights. Burak, a 33-year-old man from Sierra Leone, lived in the settlement for three months until he found what he felt was a much better situation living in a carwash. Fraud and Scams Even though the procedure required employers to pay the €500 ($608) application fee, 8 out of 18 workers interviewed said their employers insisted the workers had to pay the fee themselves. Caporali, or gangmasters, reportedly were asking for thousands of euros to facilitate contracts with employers. The two workers he had committed to sponsor, risk losing their money and their chance to obtain a residence permit. All names of workers have been changed to protect their privacy. Farm work has low pay, long hours, and difficult working conditions. By Jami Ganz. Four pregnant women among 20 migrants who died trying to reach Italy on overcrowded boat. 'The food on our table comes from these fields. Concern about inadequate, unsanitary housing and obstacles to health care amid the public health emergency caused by Covid-19 was one of the arguments in favor of the regularization program. Because one of the key objectives was to address undeclared work in these sectors regardless of status, Italian and EU citizens were also eligible for this pathway. An immigrant worker picks clementines in Corgiliano-Rossano, Calabria, southern Italy, December 12, 2020. The widespread system of caporalato uses middlemen to broker recruitment and payment of agricultural workers, on an informal and ad hoc basis. The more than 450 rescued migrants were immediately put into quarantine in reception centres on land, in line with the government’s latest coronavirus protocols. The Tunisian Forum of Economic and Social Rights said that the number of illegal Tunisian migrants reaching Italy in 2019 was 2,654 in 2019, and 5,200 in 2018. A migrant pauses as he picks potatoes in Siracusa, Sicily, Italy, in 2015. The number of Tunisian migrants landing on Italian shores soared fivefold to 13,000 in 2020, a rights group said on Tuesday, citing economic privations in Tunisia that fuel migration in boats across the Mediterranean. News. Caporali, many of them migrants themselves, reportedly also served as intermediaries for the regularization program. But Phil Spector, who has died at 81, was also a terrifying and deranged monster, writes CHRISTOPHER STEVENS, Fake heiress Anna Sorokin who conned New York society and hotels out of $275K runs prison blog where she bemoans the lack of 'cocoa butter and vegan French dressing' but says 'we can still get our hair done'- ahead of Netflix drama about her life, Can you spot why everyone is mocking this wedding dress? Matteo Salvini allows the Mare Jonio carrying 30 rescued people to land in Italy saying it was the ship's 'last voyage'. Frank Capriotti, 92, moved from Italy to South Australia in 1956. ROME (AP) — Italy and France are considering deploying sea or air craft to alert Tunisia to the departure of clandestine boats ferrying migrants north to Italian shores, like the young Tunisian man who is the chief suspect in a fatal knife attack at a French church last … Second, a pathway for people who became undocumented on or after October 31, 2019 and could prove that they were previously employed in the agricultural or home care sectors, to apply for a six-month permit to seek work in these sectors. For example one shanty town near Foggia is home to 3,000 farm pickers - but there's no social distancing, hand sanitiser or masks. Two asylum seekers told Human Rights Watch they did not apply for regularization because they believed they could not. This permit can also be converted. Human Rights Watch is a 501(C)(3) nonprofit registered in the US under EIN: 13-2875808. Since then, one employer has reportedly changed his mind and will not keep the appointment with the police to formalize the employment contract. Following her October 2018 visit, the United Nations special rapporteur on contemporary forms of slavery concluded that many agricultural workers were subjected to “labour exploitation resulting in slavery,” due to hazardous work, coercion, and underpayment. It took weeks of political disagreement but Italy’s governing coalition has finally announced they are approving changes to employment rights for migrant workers in the country. “Italy could provide leadership within the EU if it learns the lessons from this regularization,” Sunderland said. “I can’t go to the hospital without documents,” Burak said. Through interviews with undocumented migrants in Foggia, Naples, and Rome, as well as lawyers, aid organizations, and labor organizers, Human Rights Watch identified key failings of the regularization program. The 100,000 clandestine carers form part of the total number of 650,000 illegal migrants in Italy. In 2020, 34.1 thousand migrants arrivals on the Italian coasts. We understand that the employer has the power to shake down the worker. Border closures amid the pandemic made this circular labor migration impossible and became one of the key arguments in favor of the regularization program. The latest breaking news, comment and features from The Independent. Up to 560,000 migrants live without papers in Italy, but only those working as … The official data does not provide a gender breakdown. In some cases, employers demanded much more money. Just as the first large clusters of COVID-19 cases began to emerge in northern Italy, two migrant rescue ships – Ocean Viking and Sea-Watch 3 – docked at ports in eastern Sicily, on 23 and 27 February respectively. It proved especially unsuited to the agricultural sector. It is too early to know how many people will ultimately benefit from it. The regularization program was included in a broad stimulus aid package adopted in May amid the pandemic. As they process applications, the Italian authorities should ensure that clarifications included in implementing circulars that benefit workers are fully respected. They face exploitation at work, obstacles to … In April, the UN special rapporteurs on the rights of migrants and on trafficking in persons urged states to “take steps towards the regularization of undocumented migrants whenever necessary, in view of facilitating their access to health services during the fight against the pandemic.” In June, the UN secretary-general issued guidelines on Covid-19 and people on the move, calling on governments around the world to explore “various models of regularization pathways” in the spirit of an inclusive public health approach and in recognition of the “important contribution made by people on the move to our societies during this crisis.” The other was a jobseeker permit available to people who became undocumented on or after October 31, 2019 and could prove that they were previously employed in agriculture or home care. During the first five days of January 2021, 265 migrants arrived by sea in Italy. The government issued six circulars to clarify or specify requirements, costs, and procedural questions – two of them in September and November, well after the deadline to apply. The old San Ferdinando tent camp that hosts migrants used as workers in the fields across the Gioia Tauro plain | Photo: ANSA. 'It's madness, we will try to stop it by any means, inside and outside parliament,' he said. An Ethiopian migrant who became a symbol of integration in Italy by building a thriving cheese business in the Alpine countryside has been killed on her farm, police said.. A … The others have not replied. The narrow scope of the program arguably encouraged fraudulent applications and heightened the vulnerability of undocumented migrants to scams. They were proposed by the agricultural minister Teresa Bellanova. A local union official said that with permits they can rent somewhere and escape the shanty towns. Undocumented workers in construction, hospitality, and logistics, for example, were unable to apply. It was available to people already employed irregularly – or with someone willing to hire them in these sectors – and who could prove they were in Italy before March 8. A Ghanaian employee on her farm in the northern Italian region of Trentino has admitted to killing Agitu Ideo Gudeta, 42, with a hammer and raping her, Italian news agency Ansa reported. Only 15 percent of applications under the employer sponsorship pathway came from this sector, a reflection of the limits of making access dependent on the will of employers. In the absence of holistic migration policies that provide for legal migration channels and minimize the number of people who become undocumented, regularization programs represent an effective policy tool to address the insecurity and vulnerability affecting people without legal status. Mathis, 51, from Guinea, who has been in Italy for 24 years, said his employer of seven years asked for €3,000 ($3,649): To afford to eat is difficult for me, how can I pay 3,000? The comments below have been moderated in advance. Regularization programs are not infrequent in the European Union. The Tunisian Forum of Economic and Social Rights said that the number of illegal Tunisian migrants reaching Italy in 2019 was 2,654 in 2019, and 5,200 in 2018. Key Concerns Twice-weekly charter flights of up to 80 people who Italian authorities describe as illegal economic migrants resumed this week from Italy to Tunisia. It is already clear, however, that many undocumented workers were unable to apply because there were excluded a priori by the narrow scope of the program or because of lack of clarity about eligibility and the limitations of the employer sponsorship approach. By law, undocumented migrants in Italy can obtain a temporary health card that entitles them to care analogous to that available to other residents with legal permits and citizens. Undocumented Migrants: Harsh Living, Working Conditions Confusion about whether and how asylum seekers had access to the regularization program was just one of many issues that required clarification up to and even after the application deadline. Bernard, 27, from Ivory Coast, said he would have liked to apply because he fears he will be denied asylum and he is worried about losing his legal status definitively. Port officials in Porto Empedocle, Sicily, said rough seas Monday evening were for the time being […] Authorities should have provided legal certainty and clarity about the regularization pathways before the program went into effect and then should have mounted an information campaign timed to precede the registration deadlines. The program was adopted in May 2020 to “guarantee adequate protection of individual and collective health” and “facilitate the emergence of irregular employment relationships” – to bring informal and undocumented work out of the shadows. Eligible workers in the agricultural sector faced significant obstacles. Only 2 out of 18 undocumented migrants interviewed applied via this pathway. (ABC South East SA: Bec Whetham)The 92-year-old left a wife and son in Castignano in 1956 to make a future for his family. Since May, the Italian government has isolated asylum seekers on ships after they arrive, an approach designed to not only stem the spread of the coronavirus but also placate populists. They want her to immediately allow church charities to carry out five flights to evacuate vulnerable migrants from Libya to Italy. TRIESTE, Italy Italian authorities are drawing criticism from legal advocacy groups for returning asylum seekers and migrants across Italy’s northeastern land border to Slovenia, triggering a series of often violent pushbacks through the Balkans and out of the European Union. The Global Migration Group, an inter-agency group of the United Nations, has called regularization “a key means of stopping exploitation of migrants in irregular situations.” Based on these interviews, the going rate varied from €4,000-5,000 ($4,866 – 6,082) in Naples to €6,000-7,000 ($7,299 – 8,515) in Rome and Milan. Restrictive Scope News Italy seizes migrant rescue boat Mare Jonio. Reclusive adopted children from his abusive marriage to Ronnie Spector and his writer daughter are in line for share of 'one of the world's most valuable song catalogues', The gun-mad pop genius who died a killer in jail: He was the iconic producer behind the Wall of Sound and some of the greatest hits ever. Only people who became undocumented on or after October 31, 2019 and could prove that they were previously employed in agriculture or home care, were eligible. Ismael, 23, from the Gambia, was able to apply because his residency permit, as an asylum seeker, expired in December 2019. Moussa, 28, from Senegal, who has lived in Italy since 2014, said he asked his employer immediately, but was refused: “If I had papers, my life would be better. Sanji, 21, from the Gambia, who works as a day laborer on farms, said he found someone willing to sponsor him as a domestic worker after his employers in the agricultural sector refused. ROME: Italy has authorised a boat operated by the Spanish NGO Open Arms to disembark 265 migrants, including 63 minors, in Porto Empedocle, on the southern Sicilian coast. His employer refused to sponsor him. Lawyers, labor union representatives, and nongovernmental workers in various parts of the country said that people had been asked for exorbitant sums of money in exchange for invented labor contracts. Antonio Calanni/AP "Social distancing is a privilege here," Soumahoro says in the film. Omar, from Senegal, said he paid not only the fee but also paid €250 ($304) to his employer’s wife for doing the paperwork. Many agricultural workers do not know who their employers are. “But the tragic truth is that the effort was designed and rolled out in a way that excluded hundreds of thousands of people and didn’t even reach most of the farmworkers it was supposed to benefit.” In this … By Jami Ganz. News; 14 May 2020 ; In the news: Italy to grant undocumented migrants work permits . Undocumented Migrants: Harsh Living, Working Conditions An estimated 690,000 undocumented migrants live in Italy. Many of the Africans working in fields near Foggia are illegal after losing their jobs in factories in the north and therefore their permits. On June 19, the Interior Ministry clarified that asylum seekers could not apply for the jobseeker permit because asylum seekers are in Italy legally, with a right to work, but could apply under the employer sponsorship program, insofar as this was designed also to bring undeclared work out of the shadows, including by people with a right to be in Italy. The research focused on the agricultural sector because of the low number of applications. “When done right, regularization programs can address situations of vulnerability and exploitation, and help lay the foundation for more comprehensive, forward-looking migration policies.” "Living and working conditions for foreign farm laborers, working on the citrus harvest on the Gioia Tauro plain in Calabria, appear more dramatic than ever," says the human rights organization Doctors for Human Rights (MEDU), which assists migrans in the area. An Ethiopian migrant who became a symbol of integration in Italy, her adopted home, has been killed on her farm where she raised goats for her cheese business, police said on Wednesday. First, an employer sponsorship scheme limited to the agricultural sector, including livestock and fisheries, and the home care sectors, including care in the home and domestic work, available to people already employed irregularly – or with someone willing to hire them in these sectors – and who could prove they were in Italy before March 8, 2020. Is Italy … Stay on top of Migration latest developments on the ground with Al Jazeera’s fact-based news, exclusive video footage, photos and updated maps. PICUM, a network of organizations advocating on behalf of undocumented migrants, found that 24 of 27 member states had some form of regularization between 1996 and 2018. Bride gets more than she bargained after hundreds blast her for one glaring detail. The measure could be inserted into a temporary government decree with immediate effect but will be voted on in parliament after 60 days, according to The Times. More than 27,000 refugees and migrants reached Italy via the sea from January 1 to October 29, compared with 9,533 in the same period of 2019 [File: Reuters] 6 Nov 2020 facebook Italy's new coalition government, which took office last week, signalled a change of approach to migration after permitting 82 migrants to disembark on the … In particular, the eligibility of asylum seekers, many of whom face the prospect of becoming undocumented due to Italy’s high rejection rate, was unclear and required clarification in three separate circulars. The program created two pathways for undocumented migrants to acquire a temporary residency permit. “I have light and water now at least,” he said. A representative of Caritas, an aid organization connected to the Catholic Church, said at least 10 workers in the Foggia area told her a caporale had offered to find an employer willing to sponsor them for a €3,000 ($3,649) fee. Italy to 'block and seize' refugee rescue ship . They are unlikely to report labor exploitation due to fear of arrest, detention, and deportation. Pictured: migrants from Nigeria near Naples. Although under international human rights law undocumented migrants have the same rights as others, not only are some of those rights subject to restriction but in practice, they remain vulnerable to discrimination, exploitation, and abuse. The Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration, a non-binding statement of principles Italy refused to sign when adopted in 2018, encourages states to “develop accessible and expedient procedures that facilitate transitions from one status to another … as well as to facilitate access for migrants in an irregular status to an individual assessment that may lead to regular status … with clear and transparent criteria … as an option to reduce vulnerabilities.” An explicit call for “regularization options” in an initial draft of the Compact was deleted. A third asylum seeker said he withdrew his claim to apply under the jobseeker pathway. An Ethiopian migrant who became a symbol of integration in Italy by building a thriving cheese business in the Alpine countryside has been killed on her farm, police said.. A … The International Organization for Migration described what it called “generalized fraud” in an agricultural area in southern Italy during the 2009 regularization. And doing it for real, because expulsion orders are not enough: those who dont have the right to stay must return to their home countries. News Corp is a network of leading companies in the worlds of diversified media, news, education, and information services. In a normal year, hundreds of thousands of workers, the majority from Eastern Europe, come to Italy on formal, seasonal contracts. Undocumented and informal work is prevalent in the agricultural sector. Italy will give 600,000 illegal migrants the right to stay in the country after the government said they proved essential by caring for the elderly and picking crops during the coronavirus crisis. Italy's Interior Minister Matteo Salvini has agreed to let 27 unaccompanied teenagers leave a migrant rescue ship amid a row between the far-right leader and his fellow ministers. I could get a driver’s license, I would try to get a job as a mechanic, doing what I know how to do.” breaking news; Italy migrants exploited: Amnesty. 20 African migrants heading for Italy found dead in the Mediterranean Sea. Updated . “It would take me until tomorrow to tell you all that I will not have if I become undocumented,” he said. … I even suggested that if he would sponsor me for the permit, he could deduct what he wanted from my pay, but instead, he fired me. Caritas Foggia said they were able to convince four out of eight employers they approached to sponsor a total of six agricultural workers. Henry Holloway; 26 Dec 2020, 16:47; Updated: 26 … A rescue boat carrying nearly 50 migrants has docked at the Italian island of Lampedusa. As with previous regularizations in Italy, the main pathway was via employer sponsorship. The terrible living conditions of seasonal agricultural workers in Italy have been amply documented. 'Italy needs the Indians, Pakistanis and Africans who are here now to fill that gap, and making them legal helps that,' a government source told The Times. The planes – Moonbird and Colibri – are operated … He opted to forgo a final appeal against the rejection of his asylum application and had already received his new residency permit in July, valid until December. New York Daily News | Dec 24, 2020 at 11:07 AM . Number of migrants landing in Italy more than doubles in past year. While many of the ministerial circulars and informational bulletins introduced improvements, the lack of clarity from the beginning may have limited the number of people who applied. Sixteen migrants, including three children, were hospitalized. A NEW report from Amnesty International is alleging widespread exploitation of foreign migrant workers in Italy. One sociologist added that if the migrants had permits it would be harder for mafias involved in farming to pay them slave wages in the fields. If that is not possible, the worker “will have the right to request” a permit to remain for the purposes of seeking employment. News Open Arms ship with 256 migrants on board anchors off Italy. The permits - which won't give migrants the right to vote - will be valid for six months and will be renewable. The 100,000 clandestine carers form part of the total number of 650,000 illegal migrants in Italy. The Open Arms vessel had brought the migrants safely aboard in separate rescues last week in the central Mediterranean. Please give now to support our work. The Pope also seemed to back the message yesterday when he condemned the 'harsh exploitation' of migrant farm workers in Italy. UK illegal immigration news with EU migrant crisis updates, Syrian refugee pictures and updates, plus stories from Germany and on Trump's immigration ban. Coldiretti Nazionale sent a written reply on November 12. In 2019, the authorities issued only 29 special residency permits under Italian law for undocumented workers who reported exploitative practices and cooperated with criminal proceedings. The second pathway, the jobseeker permit, was similarly restrictive. Future regularization programs should not be limited to particular sectors of the labor market, give greater agency to the individual rather than depend on employer sponsorship, and include safeguards against fraud. © Alfonso Di Vincenzo/KONTROLAB/LightRocket via Getty Images, Italy: Revoke Abusive Anti-Asylum Decrees, Italy: Strengthen Immigration Law Protections, Finally, Good News for Asylum Seekers in Italy, “Without Education They Lose Their Future”, Trump Administration Again Weakens LGBT Protections, Israel: Provide Vaccines to Occupied Palestinians, Indonesian Officers’ Racist Slurs Trigger Riots in Papua, Sri Lanka: Covid-19 Forced Cremation of Muslims Discriminatory, International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families, Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration, International Centre for Migration Policy Development, UN special rapporteurs on the rights of migrants and on trafficking in persons urged states, guidelines on Covid-19 and people on the move, ISPI, a leading Italian think tank, estimates, authorities issued only 29 special residency permits, Italian Ministry of Agriculture estimates, United Nations special rapporteur on contemporary forms of slavery concluded, construction, logistics, and the hospitality industry, International Organization for Migration described. 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